The simplest way to understand Acne. Split it into two categories: noninflammatory and inflammatory types.
Noninflammatory acne refers to clogged pores that appear as blackheads or whiteheads.
It’s the mildest type and is easy to spot. Blackheads have a dark appearance and can appear somewhat flat against the skin. Whiteheads are small skin-colored bumps.
Anything with a red or more robust appearance is essentially classified as inflammatory acne.
This can range from papules and pustules to more severe nodules and cysts.
Papules are small red bumps, while pustules are small bumps that contain pus. Papules often turn into pustules.
Then there’s the deeper, more painful acne.
These inflamed bumps are typically larger than your usual pimple and feel as if they’re underneath the skin.
1. How do you treat acne skin?
Acne is a common skin condition that can be treated in several ways.
Here are some tips to help you treat acne-prone skin:
i. Keep your skin clean: Wash your face twice a day with a gentle cleanser to remove excess oil, dirt, and makeup. ii. Avoid touching your face: Touching your face can transfer bacteria and oil from your hands to your face, which can worsen acne. iii. Use non-comedogenic products: Choose makeup and skincare products that are labeled non-comedogenic, which means they won't clog your pores. iv. Moisturize: Use a lightweight, oil-free moisturizer to keep your skin hydrated without adding extra oil. v. Use over-the-counter acne treatments: Look for products containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) to help clear up acne. vi. Consider prescription medications: If your acne is severe, a dermatologist may prescribe topical or oral medications to help control it.
It may take time to see improvement in your skin, so be patient and consistent with your skincare routine.
Sometimes Acne is confused with Rosacea.
Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that often involves a tendency to blush easily and can often lead to chronic redness on the:
Although there are four subtypes of rosacea, the type most commonly confused with acne is papulopustular or acne rosacea. This type involves acne-like breakouts.
On the other hand, acne vulgaris is a common type of acne characterized by inflammatory and noninflammatory lesions. It can involve pimples, blackheads, cysts, and other forms of acne.
It’s possible to have both acne vulgaris and acne rosacea at the same time.
Symptoms of acne rosacea can include:
- flushing and redness
- visible blood vessels
- acne-like breakouts and red skin
- sensitive skin
- raised patches of skin
Acne vulgaris involves clogged pores and may present as:
- pus-filled bumps
- oily skin
- cysts and nodules
Possible causative factors for rosacea include:
- hereditary factors
- an overreaction of the immune system
- a bacteria that causes intestinal infections called H. pylori
- a mite known as demodex
- the way the body processes the protein cathelicidin, which normally protects the skin from infection
Causes of Acne
Acne is caused by a combination of hormones, oil, and bacteria. When oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria clog the follicles, sebum can’t escape the pores. This leads to acne.
Each pore of your skin is also the opening to a hair follicle, which is made of a hair and sebaceous, or oil, gland.
The oil gland releases sebum, which keeps your skin lubricated and soft.
Causes of acne can include:
- your follicles producing too much oil
- dead skin cells accumulating in your pores
- bacteria building up in your pores
Overproduction of oil is usually because of hormonal changes, like:
- the menstrual cycle
This is why hormonal birth control may help manage acne symptoms.
Although many teenagers experience acne outbreaks, acne can happen at any age. Whatever the initial reason, acne occurs when pores become clogged and inflammation follows.
What to do to prevent breakouts
Treating acne doesn’t just involve trying product after product. It encompasses careful cleansing and some simple lifestyle changes.
Effective prevention includes:
- washing your face twice a day and after sweating
- being gentle with your skin by avoiding harsh scrubs
- don’t pick or pop!
- if you have to, using safe extraction methods with a qualified dermatologist
- routinely washing things that come in contact with your skin
- using noncomedogenic products
- checking your hair care ingredients
- staying hydrated
Acne can be treated either topically or systemically.
The systemic use of anti-biotics is normally reserved for a last line of treatment, which is why topical treatment is most often recommended first.
The essence of topical treatments are mainly restricted to cleaning and moisturising.
The Dermasure Range offers a combination of three products for this purpose, which is also known as the Dermasure Acne-Prone Pack.
1. Kleerzit Facial Cleanser | 150ml
Kleerzit Facial Cleanser contains a mild Salicylic Acid base in a non-irritant foam base, ideally suited for exfoliation and the deep cleansing of blocked skin-pores.
Exfoliating can often result is the feeling dryness, which will be resolved when applying the Hydration Moisturising Cream.
2. Dermaclens Skin Cleanser | 150ml
Dermaclens Skin Cleanser is a gentle fragrance-free cleansing lotion and often used in combination with Kleerzit.
These two products can be alternated mornings and evenings, daily or even weekly. It all depends on your personal preferences.
3. Hydration Moisturising Cream | 75ml
Hydration Moisturising Cream is essential, especially after a thorough cleaning of the skin. The importance of moisturizing is to replenish and moisturise the skin, without (re)blocking the skin pores.
Hydration Moisturising Cream is formulated to be completely absorbed upon application, leaving the skin silky smooth and without any greasiness.
For more, please find our Acne BlogBack to Skin Type or Concern